All About Wetlands >> Types

Not all wetlands are the same. There is significant diversity among wetland community types that result from abiotic and biotic environmental factors:

  • morphology
  • hydrology
  • water chemistry
  • soil characteristics
  • vegetation

Community types found in Florida

Click on the heading of each type for a more detailed description.

Coastal wetland types:

tidal salt marshesTidal salt marshes: some of the most productive ecosystems in world, found along temperate coastline, dominated by salt-tolerant grasses and rushes
mangrove swampsMangrove Swamps: sub-tropical coastal communities dominated by red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) or black mangrove species (Avicennia germinans) species; northern locations limited by freeze line

Inland wetland types:

Southern swamps: deepwater systems are primarily bald cypress-tupelo and pond cypress-black gum ecosystems, includes cypress domes, dwarf cypress swamps, lake edge swamps, cypress strands community types.
Freshwater Marshes: most diverse grouping of wetlands, dominated by herbaceous grasses, sedges, broad leafed monocots, and floating leafed aquatics; the classification of Florida's most famous wetland - the Florida Everglades
Riparian wetlandRiparian: occur adjacent to river and stream systems, commonly found throughout south central and southeastern US due to topography and rainfall


Which wetland type would you like to learn more about?

More wetland types in the works!


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